Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Saxon apron from Nagycsűr

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Nagycsűr
The apron is made of white cotton linen that is composed of four edges stitched together with cotton bone-lace. Three sides of each edge have ladies’ fashioned embroidery and metallic thread patterns. The name and date is embroidered into the fabric on particular edges. Cotton bone-lace runs around the bottom section and the edge.
1888..

Saxon wench girl’s costume from Gergelyfája

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Gergelyfája
The white cotton blouse is straight-cut; it has inset sleeves and straps on the cuffs; its neck has sewn-down décor. Over the blouse is worn a vest made of white piqué textile with black silk embroidery which can be closed on the side and the shoulder. The name and the date of production (1897) are indicated on the back of the vest within the embroidery. The edge of the vest is framed with black silk ribbon along with each style line. The underskirt has handmade crotchet work; its bone-lace peeps out of the skirt, which is also made of white piqué. The fine white linen apron is composed of two pieces stitched together with bone-lace; it has frill edges and its fringe contains the name and the date of production (1897) embroidered with black yarn.
1910s. .

Saxon woman’s costume from Nagytalmács

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Nagytalmács
An embroidered headdress stiffened with black velvet is on the head. The headdress is elongated and decorated with ribbons under the chin and on the back of the head. The sleeves of the fine linen blouse are loose, and ribbons decorate the cuffs. The gathered skirt is made of blue wool. There is a tulle apron worn over it. The apron is composed of three edges stitched together with bone lace and has a name and date on it. It is also trimmed with bone-lace around its edge. Leather boots are on the feet.
1937. .

Saxon girl’s festive costume from Nagycsűr

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Nagycsűr
The hair hangs in one single braid at the back of the head. A ribbon hangs from the top of the head and stretches forward over the shoulder. The fillet headdress covered with black velvet is worn over it. Two colored headdress ribbons, which are pinned up with three headdress needles, hang off from the upper end of the headdress. The blouse is made of cotton linen and its neck has sewn-down décor. The vest is made of velvet, decorated with patent leather and metal lace, and embroidered with wool; it is worn over the blouse. The pad closes with four decorated metal buttons. A pearled rosette held by an embroidered ribbon, which matches the headdress ribbon, is around the neck. The tulle apron decorated richly with white embroidery shows the date of production; it is worn over the accordion-pleated skirt made of green brocade and decorated with black trimming on the edge. The apron is composed of three edges stitched together with handmade bone-lace; the edges are also decorated with handmade bone-lace. A colorful headdress sash is round the waist. Black leather boots are on the feet.
1938. .

Saxon girl’s church-going costume from Szászorbó

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Szászorbó
The hair hangs down in a single braid at the back of the head. The ribbon hangs from the top of the head and stretches forward over the shoulder. The fillet headdress covered with black velvet is worn over it. Two colored headdress ribbons, which are pinned up with three headdress needles, hang off from the upper end of the headdress. The blouse is made of cotton linen; it is decorated with sewn-down décor on its neck. The vest is embroidered with colored wool yarn and decorated with patent leather; it is worn over the blouse. The knife-pleated skirt is made of black wool, and the apron is richly decorated with black and metallic thread embroidery and displays the date of production; it is worn over the skirt. White handmade bone-lace trims three edges of the apron. Adorned headdress sash is around the waist. A black wool cloak commonly worn to church completes the costume. Its accordion-pleated edge is adorned with clusters of grapes embroidered onto black velvet.
1938. .

Saxon man’s costume from Kistorony

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Kistorony
A lambskin fur cap is on the head. The straight-cut, long shirt, the so-called rokolya, is made of cotton linen, which becomes loose as it goes downward. The shirt is decorated with white embroidery around the neck and on the breast section, while crotchet work decorates its bottom section. The shirt is tied down with a leather belt decorated with rosettes. The fur-coat decorated with red wool yarn and patent leather is worn over the rokolya. A pair of black cloth trousers and a pair of boots complete the costume. An embroidered satchel hangs from one shoulder.
1920s and 1930s. .

Saxon bodices

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Szász
Women’s ceremonial outer and under vests with side buttoning fronts and rich wool embroidery on their backs. The straight-cut white linen blouses with inset sleeves and sewn-down décor on their necks are under the vests. The middle piece is a man’s rokolyás shirt and a wool embroidered leather vest with front buttoning is worn over it.
1930s. .

Apron from Szászorbó

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Szászorbó
The loose cloak has a single-edge cut. Its edge is decorated with machine-made cotton lace décor. The fringe pattern above it is made of metallic threads and wool embroidery. The owner’s name and the date of production are embroidered above the fringe pattern and amongst the bouquets.
1884..

Saxon costume from Nagydisznód

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Nagydisznód
The blouse is made of white cotton linen; it has inset sleeves and its neck has sewn-down decorations. The velvet vest is decorated with tiny patterns and closes on the shoulder and on the side. The skirt is made of gathered wool. The apron is white tulle with bone-lace on its bottom section, and there is embroidery made with metallic threads and white yarn above it to indicate the name and the date.
1929. .

Saxon villager trivial costume from Kistorony

Provincialism: Szász
Region: Kistorony
The black velvet headdress is placed on a stiff frame. It is decorated with a ribbon embroidered on black velvet stretching under the chin. The silk shawl is beneath the black cloth jacket. The accordion-pleated skirt is made of red and black woven wool; the apron is made of cloth satin, and the edge is trimmed with colorful embroidery around the edge. It also has a date on it. Leather boots sewn at the back are on the feet.
1954. .