Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Girl’s costume from Mecsekszabolcs

Provincialism: Dunántúl
Region: Mecsekszabolcs
The hair is tied into a braid which leads to the back. Children’s headdress, trimmed with pleated silk frills and colorful artificial roses, is on the head. The skirt is made of wine-red cashmere. The fine linen blouse is decorated with cross-stitch embroidery and machine-made lace, and is tied with colorful ribbons at the elbows. The cashmere neck shawl, which harmonizes with the skirt, is decorated on its edge with black, pleated bone-lace. The apron, made of green cashmere and trimmed with black bone-lace and silver décor, is worn over the skirt.
1930s. .

Bride’s costume from Mecsekszabolcs

Provincialism: Dunántúl
Region: Mecsekszabolcs
The hair is tied in a braid; it is decorated with colorful ribbons and ends with a colorful red ribbon, which hangs off at the back. A wreath made of colorful artificial flowers is on the head. It is tied with a red ribbon at the back. The costume is made of fine white linen. The double-frilled blouse is decorated with machine-made lace and is tied with colorful ribbons at the elbows. The skirt is gathered, and the tailored apron is decorated with machine-made lace. A neck shawl, double pleated with white machine-made lace, completes the bridal costume.
1930s. .

Matyó new wife’s street costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The bridal headdress, i.e. csavarintós (spirally tied) shawl, made of colorful wool yarns and affixed to purgament (cashmere) shawl, covers the hair entirely. The short-sleeved litya (women’s upper garment) is made of calico with colored patterns on a red background, i.e. pipi textile. The skirt is made of the same material, which is called zubbony on account of the frills at the bottom. Both the litya and the skirt are decorated with colorful ribbons. There is velvet bone-lace trimming on both sides of the ribbons. The bottom of the skirt is decorated with six rows of wool hair stripes, and there are white bone-lace applied ornaments above the stripes. The machine-made apron worn over the skirt is decorated with machine-made embroidery, i.e. nyargalás, and it has a coat of arms pattern on it and black bone-lace trimming at the bottom.
1930s. .

Matyó groom’s costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
A pointed hat decorated with ribbons is on the head. The shirt is made of fine linen and is decorated with the so-called körtés lyukhímzés (peached flat-stitched) embroidery. It is loose and has hand-drawn embroidery on its neck and shoulder patches. There is a wool lajbi (waist coat) with braids, metal and colored buttons on the shirt. A colorful ragyogó (golden bone-lace) ribbon necktie is around the neck. Supplementary fringes are placed at the bottom of the accordion-pleated, fine linen trousers. The embroidered surc (apron) is black and fringed with handmade fringes. There is a fancy shawl (as a wedding present) decorated with ragyogó and silk fringes are stuck into the hem of the trousers. A pair of black leather boots is on the feet.
1910s. .

Matyó bride’s costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
Brides’ costume of the women in Mezőkövesd worn between 1920 and 1953. The bridal wreath, made of white and colorful paper flowers, has a silver rezgő and a veil. The skirt has no underskirt and is made of white silk. The litya (women’s upper garment) has short sleeves and colorful ribbons; it is also called fellökő blouse. White fringed wool shawl is worn over the blouse. The loose, accordion-pleated apron made of white silk is decorated with colorful ribbons in four rows hanging down from the waistline.
1940s..

Matyó woman’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The fringed and knitted silk shawl, stiffened with a wire frame and parchment paper, entirely covers the hair. The quilted rékli (women’s upper garment) is made of brocade and is decorated with colorful ribbons. It is fashioned with a császár slit on its back and accentuates the slim skirt with frill additions standing upwards. There is a neck shawl under the rékli. The skirt is made of single-flowered pattern satin, which is accordion pleated. It is also gathered and decorated with colorful ribbons and velvet at the bottom. The surc (apron) is decorated with colorful machine-made ribbons, velvet bone-lace, and knitted silk fringes.
1920s. .

Young wife’s costume from Mecsekszabolcs

Provincialism: Dunántúl
Region: Mecsekszabolcs
The bridal headdress leaves the hair under it free. It is applied on a pasteboard foundation and is decorated with colorful roses and pleated silk frills. Its back is designed to imitate a ribbon bouquet. The skirt is made of red cashmere. The double blouse is made of fine linen decorated with machine-made lace and tied with colorful ribbons at the elbows. The neck shawl is made of black cashmere and is decorated with black, pleated bone-lace on the edges. The under-neck shawl is trimmed with white pleated machine-made lace. The apron on the skirt is made of green cashmere and is decorated with black machine lace on the edges. So-called bütykös stockings are on the legs.
1930s. .

Sokac woman’s costume from Mohács

Provincialism: Dunántúl
Region: Mohács
Hand embroidered silk shawl is tied on the back of the head. The blouse is made of cotton linen; it is perpendicularly embroidered with black yarn on its front, back and sleeves, and horizontally on the shoulders. Its cuffs are trimmed with bone lace. The cashmere skirt is decorated with a black, large-flower pattern. The apron is made of maszatos (smeared) silk and is trimmed with silver metallic lace. Ribbons hang down at the back of the costume. So-called bütykös stockings are on the legs.
1930s. .

Matyó new wife’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
Bridal headdress, i.e. csavarintós (spirally tied) shawl, made of colorful wool yarns and affixed to a purgament (cashmere) shawl, covers the hair entirely. The long-sleeved litya (women’s upper garment) is made of green libaszín (goose-colored) purgament (cashmere) with a colored rose pattern. The skirt has the same color, which is called zubbony on account of the frills at its bottom. Both the litya and the skirt are decorated with colorful ribbons. Both sides of the ribbons are decorated with velvet bone-lace. The bottom of the skirt is accentuated with nine rows of a colorful wool hair-striped pattern. There is a green purgament neck shawl decorated with rich, black, knitted wool fringes worn over the litya. The szűcsmintás surc (embroidered apron) is embroidered with colored silk yarn, décor rows imitating ragyogó (golden lace), and black silk knitted fringes; it is worn over the skirt.
1930s. .

Matyó lad’s costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
A pointed hat decorated with ragyogó (golden lace), ribbons and velvet bone-lace is on the head. The linen shirt is decorated with hemp-yarn and subrikált (double threaded woven twisted stitch) embroidery on the breast section; its cuffs are pleated and embroidered with hemp-yarn. The lajbi (waist-coat) is made of black cloth and is decorated with bone buttons and braids. An embroidered and silk-fringed necktie is around the neck. The breeches are made of the same textile as the vest; it is richly decorated with braids. A pair of black, tongued boots with straight shafts is on the feet.
The beginning of the 1930s..