Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


New wife’s festive costume from Kapuvár

Provincialism: Kapuvár
Region: Kapuvár
The kobak, around which a silk shawl is wrapped that entirely covers the hair and the forehead, is affixed to the chignon and is decorated with metallic lace. Richly embroidered tilángli (derived from tulle anglais) shawl adds to the headdress. The costume is composed of a loose, tilángli, double-frilled blouse, a colorful fringed neck shawl, a tilángli skirt and an apron. Colorful ribbon and richly embroidered kerchief are on the apron. A pair of spanglis shoes is on the feet.
1930s..

Girl’s costume from Decs

Provincialism: Sárköz
Region: Decs
On the head is a so-called tülkös headdress made of artificial flowers and decorated with silver applied ornaments on the back and fringes and supplemented with a four-branch colorful ribbon. The skirt is made of blue cashmere and is trimmed with colorful ribbons and a flat gold surface. Röpike (skirt made of fine textile) made of maszatos (smeared) Lyon silk with Sárköz-style pearl collar and decorated with a flat gold surface is worn with the cashmere skirt. The apron is made of maszatos silk and decorated with colorful ribbons and silk knitted fringes; it is worn over the skirt.
1910s and 1920s. .

Girl’s costume from Érsekcsanád

Provincialism: Sárköz
Region: Érsekcsanád
Headdress composed of three parts and trimmed with colorful artificial flowers is on the head. Ribbons hang off perpendicularly from the back of the head down below the waistline. The costume is composed of a fine linen blouse, a cashmere skirt trimmed with ribbons and a fringed apron trimmed with ribbons. A wool-fringed green cashmere shawl covers the shoulders. The so-called Sárköz-style pearled collar completes the costume. A pair of black lace shoes is on the feet.
1950s. .

New wife’s festive costume from Kapuvár

Provincialism: Kapuvár
Region: Kapuvár
The kobak, around which the silk shawl that entirely covers the hair is wrapped, is affixed to the chignon and is decorated with metallic lace. Silver decorated tilángli head shawl complete the headdress. The costume is composed of a loose blouse made of tilángli, a neck shawl with colorful fringes, and a pinafore made of pink silk and trimmed with a colorful flower pattern. There is a silk apron worn over it which is trimmed with machine-made lace, colored ribbons and white bone-lace frills at the bottom. A pair of spangles shoes is on the feet.
1930s. .

New wife’s festive costume from Kapuvár

Provincialism: Kapuvár
Region: Kapuvár
Fringed velvet shawl embroidered with colorful flowers and covering the so-called kobak affixed to the chignon is on the head. The so-called majkó (blouse) made of black, single-flower patterned silk is decorated with flitters and the so-called islóg (tiny metal disc made of silver or gold, rarely other material placed above or within the embroidery), while the skirt is made of black velvet and embroidered with a colorful flower pattern. The blue velvet apron worn over the skirt is decorated with a printed pattern and machine-made lace and with white machine-made lace at the bottom.
1930s. .

Swabian girl’s costume from Ellend

Provincialism: Sváb
Region: Ellend
The hair hangs down in a single braid, which is put back. The headdress is decorated with artificial roses. Its tie ribbon is interlaced into the braid, and it ends with colorful ribbons at the bottom. The skirt is made of black velvet and is richly decorated with handmade embroidery. The double blouse is decorated with slingolt (loop-stitched edging) bone-lace and is tied at the elbows with ribbons. The shoulder shawl is also doubled; it is made of white tulle underneath and the upper neck shawl above it has black, pleated, bone-laced edges and a colorful pattern. The black satin cloth apron worn over it is decorated with handmade embroidery and colorful ribbons.
1930s. .

Swabian lad’s costume from Feked

Provincialism: Sváb
Region: Feked
This costume, which reflects a middle-class influence, is composed of a black suit and black felt hat. Neck decoration embroidered on black velvet and trimmed with golden fringes completes the costume. A pair of black leather sandals is on the feet. The heels of the sandals are trimmed with decorative rivets.
1930s..

Matyó boy’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
A pointed hat decorated with ribbons and velvet bone-lace is on the head. The loose shirt is decorated with ribbons and colorful cipós crotchet work; the sleeves and shoulders are richly embroidered with silk yarn. Bone buttons made of cloth; silver metal buttons and braids decorate the vest. The so-called surc (apron), embroidered with colorful silk yarn and decorated with ribbons and black silk fringes, is worn over the loose, pleated trousers made of fine linen.
1920s. .

Matyó woman’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The so-called tok made of hard pasteboard and decorated with ragyogó affixed to the chignon is on the head. The quilted rékli (women’s jacket, pelisse) as general winter wear is made of black single-flower patterned satin and it is decorated with braids. There is a winter neck shawl under the rékli. The skirt is made of black silk, it is decorated with black ribbon applied ornament and black hair stripes at the bottom. The szűcsmintás surc (embroidered apron) embroidered with silk yarn and with further embroidery décor imitating ragyogó prohibited earlier and with a black silk knitted pompon is worn over the skirt.
1930s. .

Matyó girl’s afternoon festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
Hair hangs down in two plaits on each side of the head. The short-sleeved litya (women’s upper garment) is made of silk and is trimmed with colorful ribbons. The skirt is made of patterned silk and is decorated with colorful ribbons and at the bottom in three rows of colorful hair decoration. The apron is trimmed with machine-made embroidery, the so-called nyargalás, and is decorated with colored ribbons and ragyogó (golden bone-lace) in two rows at the bottom.
The apron is from the 1910s, whilst the costume is from the 1940s. .