Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


New wife’s costume from Ecser

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Ecser
The so-called bujdos is made of embroidered silk decorated with tall white tulle frill on the top, and entirely covers the hair. The costume is composed of a pleated, green brocade skirt, an embroidered fine linen blouse with tight sleeves decorated with bone-lace, and a fine linen pruszlik with the same embroidery. The purple embroidery of the later one is equivalent to that of the blouse. The “flame painted,” machine-made lace apron is worn over it.
1920s and 1930s. .

Girl’s costume from Sióagárd

Provincialism: Sióagárd
Region: Sióagárd
The hair hangs down in one single braid; it is tied with a black velvet ribbon, of which the part tied at the back of the head is the point from where further ribbons hang off down to the waist. The fine white linen skirt is accordion-pleated. A long-sleeved, fine linen blouse with thick sewing and flat-stitched embroidery, and a pruszlik, which entirely covers the textile and is decorated with thick sewing add to the costume. The so-called kenyett apron, made of dyed textile, is worn over the skirt. The so-called bütykös stocking and tutyi (sandals) are on the legs.
1920s and 1930s. .

Young wife’s costume from Sióagárd

Provincialism: Sióagárd
Region: Sióagárd
Silk shawl affixed to pasteboard and trimmed with handmade embroidery is on the head. The costume is composed of an accordion-pleated skirt made of purple silk and richly embroidered with handmade embroidery and colored ribbons, a white embroidered silk blouse, a vest made of violet brocade that harmonizes with the material of the skirt and is decorated with handmade embroidery and obregáció applied ornaments, and a farkas (tailed) blouse. The apron is made of black velvet and richly decorated with handmade embroidery and golden braids; it is worn over the skirt. Bütykös wool stockings complete the costume.
1920s. .

Bulgarian woman’s costume from Vinga

Provincialism: Bolgár
Region: Vinga
A shawl made of black cotton silk and edged with silk fringes is on the head. The blouse front around the neck is made of silk brocade and is decorated with sewn-down décor on the neck section. There is a velvet vest above it which has inset sleeves. The red silk sleeves are pleated at the shoulders and wrists, and the cuffs are sectionally embroidered with metallic threads. The szukno (pinafore) is made of woven wool which starts under the breast. The decorative karligatka (apron) worn over it starts under the breast and is trimmed with a wide, large, violet brocade bow on homespun woven wool background at the hips and with two perpendicular pieces of metallic lace applied as ornamentation that start from that point.
1920s. .

Bulgarian bride’s second-day dress from Vecki

Provincialism: Bolgár
Region: Vecki
The bridal wreath, made of metallic threaded brocade, has a tent-like shape. It is fringed and stays on the top of the head. The blue-dyed linen blouse has long sleeves; it is split in the front, and its neck is decorated with metallic threaded embroidery up high; the shoulders and back are richly embroidered with metallic threads. The waist and bottom sections of the underskirt have the same textile as the blouse, from under which they peep out. The skirt is decorated with metallic threads and tied up at the back; it is pleated and sewn-down. The apron is tied up in the front and has metallic threads all over it. There is a large protruding decorative heart in the lower section of the center.
1920s. .

Girl’s costume from Sióagárd

Provincialism: Sióagárd
Region: Sióagárd
On the head is a child’s soft headdress, made of colorful ribbon clusters affixed to pleated frill material. The skirt is made of green cashmere and is decorated with colorful ribbons and ribbon appligué as ornaments. The lace blouse is made of white batiste and decorated with broderie anglaise and colorful handmade embroidery. The blouse is made of red brocade and trimmed with handmade embroidery. The apron is made of black velvet, which is trimmed with wool yarn embroidery. Bütykös stockings and a pair of rose-adorned tutyi are on the legs.
1920s. .

Woman’s church-going costume from Sióagárd

Provincialism: Sióagárd
Region: Sióagárd
An untied black silk shawl is on the head. The blouse is white cotton with a stand-up collar. There is a black silk löbi (jacket) above it with braiding and bone-lace décor on the hip section. The silk is made of pleated black wool; the apron is made of black satin cloth; it is rectangular and reaches two inches down below the bottom line of the skirt. A coffee bean brown bütykös foot cloth and a pair of colorful knitted tutyi are on the feet.
Around the 1910s. .

Woman’s street costume from Sióagárd

Provincialism: Sióagárd
Region: Sióagárd
Untied shawl is on the head, and the under-headdress is below it. The blouse is worn outward and has tight sleeves, slingolás on it cuffs, and white bone-lace on the breast and stand-up collar sections. The vest is edged with black silk braids. The skirt is pleated with rounded pleats. The black rectangular apron, which reaches two inches under the skirt, is worn over it. Green bütykös foot cloth is on the feet.
Around the 1920s and 1930s..

Sokac girl’s costume from Eszék

Provincialism: Sokac
Region: Eszék
A string of pearls are placed on the head. The blouse has a white textile basis and is decorated perpendicularly with flitter and pearl rows that cover nearly the entire surface. The blouse is integrally attached to the skirt around the waistline, and the skirt is decorated in the same style as the blouse. Red and white machine-made lace in many rows is placed onto the bottom. The apron is made from machine-made patterned silk. Hand-knit red wool stockings and colorful crotchet sandals are on the feet.
1930s. .

Swineherd’s costume from Bakonyjákó

Provincialism: Bakonyjákó
Region: Bakonyjákó
A felt hat is on the head. The shirt is made of linen. The loose, pleated trousers are decorated with mesterke and fringes. A szűr with closed sleeves, and red and black cloth applied as ornamentation complete the costume. The szűr was never put on as a coat; it was thrown over one shoulder and clasped together on the breast. A pair of black leather boots is on the feet.
Worn from the 1930s up to the present day. .