Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


New wife’s costume from Boldog

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Boldog
The hair is tied into a brekocs (particular braid) and there is a veiled chignon worn over the head, which was worn only on the first Sunday after the wedding ceremony. The sleeves of the fine linen blouse are stiffened and inset by the pleats; its tie is a color ribbon. There is a brocade lajbi on the blouse; the apronless, pleated skirt is made of fine white linen which was the bride’s skirt at the same time. Colorful ribbon décor is worn over the skirt. The slingolt-frilled kerchief made of stiffened, fine linen is around the neck.
1920s. .

Girl’s festive costume from Rimóc

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Rimóc
The hair is combed back in a single braid and decorated with ribbons. The loose, bone-laced blouse is under the brocade lajbi. The shoulder shawl is made of white, flat-stitched, fine linen; its edge is decorated with thread crotchet work made with five needles, the so-called Tóth bone-lace. Brocade skirt is tucked at the waistline and worn over the stiffened, ironed underskirts. The cloak is black satin, i.e. accordion-pleated kecele, with a green cross-stitch motif at the bottom and on the edges.
1930s..

Lad’s costume from Dorogháza

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Dorogháza
The linen shirt has mesterke and bossóka (striped edge décor either embroidered or homespun) trimming on it. The vest worn over it is braided, edged with red yarn, decorated with braided buttons and is made of blue cloth. The shirt is worn outward over the loose, flat-pleated, fringy trousers made of linen. A pair of boots with hard shafts is on the feet.
1920s and 1930s. .

New wife’s festive costume from Dorogháza

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Dorogháza
The hair is parted and combed back. The soft headdress, decorated with silver beads, covers the top of the head. In front of it there is the lower rakat (part) of the bridal headdress, which is made of white, pleated bone-lace and trimmed with pearl lacing, while the golden bone-lace applied on pasteboard and decorated with pleated silk ribbons is placed over it, which is then elongated with color ribbons hanging off in two branches. The costume is composed of a pleated silk skirt made of flame-colored textile and decorated with ribbons, a loose blouse with double frills, a loose, black apron, the so-called kecele, and a colorful fringed cashmere shawl. A pair of spanglis (shoes) is on the feet.
1930s. .

Young wife’s costume from Szomolya

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Szomolya
The hair is parted and combed back above the ears. The bridal headdress, made of pasteboard and covered with green cashmere, is affixed to the soft headdress made of white bone-lace. The costume is composed of a flat-pleated skirt made of black, large-rose patterned cashmere, a pruszlik (vest, bodice) made of the same material and decorated with white bone-lace and a flat silver surface, and a blouse made of white linen decorated with machine-made lace on its cuffs and with colored ribbons. The apron is made of black silk and trimmed with colored ribbons and flat gold surface; it is worn over the skirt. There is a bridal ribbon on the apron.
1930s..

Festive costume from Parád

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Parád
The szuka blouse is made of cotton linen with machine-made lace on its cuffs and decorated with handmade embroidery. The flame-colored, printed-pattern neck shawl is made of dyed textile. The vest and the kecele are made of flame-colored dyed textile, while the latter is also pleated at the waist and decorated with black bone-lace at the bottom; it is worn over the skirt, which is tucked at the waist.
1920s. .

Festive costume from Hollókő

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Hollókő
The cotton linen blouse is pleated above the elbows and decorated with white embroidery on the cuffs; it is worn under the brocade silk lajbi. The cotton skirt is made of textile decorated with a black flower-pattern on a red material that is similar to flannel. There is a silk szakácska (apron), decorated with silver fringes and handmade décor, worn over the skirt.
1920s..

Woman’s headdresses from Tura

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Tura
All of these headdresses are made of either brocade or satin affixed to pasteboard. Their fronts are black and trimmed with close-pleated ribbons. Two of them are bridal headdresses decorated with so-called Venetian bone-lace. These are also trimmed with red dabas ribbons hanging off on both sides, which can be tied at the back.
1930s..

Young girl’s festive costume from Buják

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Buják
The hair is combed back in one single braid, which is decorated with ribbons. The pleated zabka is adorned with small flowers on a white background; it is slit on the breast section and decorated with ribbons. The red cashmere harasztos skirt (type of pinafore) is trimmed with colorful ribbons. The slingolt fine linen lace apron is worn over the skirt.
1930s. .

Young wife’s costume from Ecser

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Ecser
The hair is combed back and tied onto a chignon iron bent into the shape of a horseshoe at the back of the head. The so-called cepec, fine linen headdress, decorated with bone-lace on its edge, is on the head. The pleated skirt is made of blue brocade and trimmed with black machine-made lace. The blouse is made of the same material. An apron made of dyed textile adorned with clusters of grape embroidery is worn over the skirt.
1920s and 1930s..