Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Bride’s costume from Felsőtárkány

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Felsőtárkány
A high, waxed bridal wreath decorated with a corn-ear pattern and pleated veil is on the head. The costume is composed of a blouse made of white silk and a skirt made of the same material that is tucked at the waist and reaches below the knees. The so-called mellyes silk apron (pinafore) with frills is worn over the skirt. A pair of black spanglis shoes is on the feet.
1940s. .

New wife’s festive costume from Varsány

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Varsány
The hair is parted and combed backwards. The bridal headdress is composed of two parts, of which the lower part is decorated with color beads between the pleated fine linen and the upper piece is a silk-fringed kerchief applied on pasteboard. The blouse is cotton linen; its cuffs are decorated with colored cross-stitch embroidery and close-pleated right above the elbows. The accordion-pleated and red rose patterned brocade skirt right under the lajbi is made of colored brocade, whilst the widely pleated loose, silk apron is worn over the skirt.
1930s and 1940s. .

New wife’s festive costume from Buják

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Buják
The so-called bridal fékető (headdress) covers nearly the entire head. It is accentuated with a separate kakatúr (frilled black or blue silk stripe) on the front, and a colorful bukor made of colored pearls is worn over it. The pleated zabka, which is slit on the breast section, is made of silver silk textile on a pink background, while the harasztos skirt (type of pinafore) is made of the same material and trimmed with colorful ribbons. The lace apron is worn over the skirt. The ceremonial wedding hérészes accessory (wedding jar), the so-called cifratyúk made of colored paper, is held in the hand, into which the stuffed chicken was placed.
1930s. .

Bride’s costume from Hollókő

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Hollókő
The hair hangs down in a single braid. The bridal wreath is made of colorful artificial flowers and decorated with silver paper in a corn-ear pattern; it is worn on the head. The neck shawl, made of fine linen and decorated with crotchet work trimming, is worn over the loose and double-frilled blouse. The skirt is made of silk without an apron; it is accordion pleated and decorated with ribbons, which are held up by stiffened and ironed underskirts.
1930s. .

New wife’s festive costume from Hévízgyörk

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Hévízgyörk
The hair is parted and hangs down on both sides of the head. The plaits are worn back above the ears. The bridal headdress is made of black satin; it is trimmed with pleated silk ribbons on the front and with silver Venetian bone-lace on the top. The accordion-pleated skirt is made of babos (white dotted pattern on a red background) dyed textile decorated with black silk ribbons at the bottom. The bujka is made of the same material. A neck shawl made of dyed textile with a yellow, printed pattern completes the costume. An apron made of dyed textile is worn over the skirt.
1920s. .

Festive costume from Acsa

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Acsa
The blouse is made of black satin cloth. It is the so-called testálló, which is decorated with handmade flower ornaments. The skirt is made of black satin cloth, which is richly decorated with handmade bimbós (bud) flower embroidery that imitates manufactured flower embroidery.
1930s..

Festive costume from Bánk

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Bánk
The blouse is supplemented with pleated additions and decorated with handmade flower ornaments. Its cuffs and front are edged with velvet. The skirt is made of satin cloth; it is accordion-pleated and richly decorated with close rows of handmade bimbós (bud) flower embroidery that imitates manufactured flower embroidery. The bottom edge is velvet-trimmed.
1930s. .

Festive costume from Herencsény

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Herencsény
The blouse is made of cotton linen; it is pleated above the elbows, and its cuffs are decorated with variegated colored-yarn cross-stitch embroidery. The single-flower patterned pruszlik (vest, bodice) is made of black satin. The skirt is made of flame-colored brocade and is pleated at the waist. An apron made of black satin cloth and embroidered manually is worn over the skirt.
1930s. .

Festive costume from Hévízgyörk

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Hévízgyörk
The blouse is made of fine white linen; its cuffs are embroidered by hand and trimmed with machine-made lace. The pruszlik (vest) is made of green, single-flower patterned satin; it is decorated with metallic lace and pleated red dabas ribbons on its shoulders. The accordion-pleated cloth skirt is made of black material on a green background with red cloth edging on the bottom.
1920s..

New wife’s festive costume from Hollókő

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Hollókő
The hair is parted and combed back. The bridal headdress is composed of two parts, of which the lower piece is decorated with colorful beads between pleated fine linen and the upper part is the actual bridal wreath. The blouse is made of cotton linen. Its cuffs have colored cross-stitch embroidery, and it is pleated above the elbows. The accordion-pleated skirt is made of colored brocade under the lajbi, while the so-called pleated szakácska (apron), made of black textile and trimmed with color wool embroidery and metallic fringes, is worn over the skirt.
1930s..