Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Festive costume from Nógrádsipek

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Nógrádsipek
The double-frilled blouse is made of fine white linen and pleated around the neckline. The lajbi is made of flame-colored, dyed textile. The skirt is also made of the same material and there is a painted apron worn over it.
1920s..

Woman’s headdresses with beads from Rimóc and Hollókő

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Rimóc
Each of the headdresses is made of fine linen; they are pleated on both sides and have frills sewn one under another. Typical local headdress motifs made of variously colored pearls are sewn into the fine pleated linen. The bottoms of the headdresses are edged with various colors of velvet. The variation of the white and colored fine linen pleats was adjusted to the ages and the wearing methods of the people wearing these headdresses. The one made with green and blue fine linen pleats was worn during mourning and félgyász (last quarter of the mourning period). When worn the hair was lead backwards above the ears and tied into a chignon at the back of the head. The so-called menyecske (“young bride”) was applied from kerchief made of fringed silk was affixed to the top of the headdress right onto the pasteboard with needles. These two together constituted the general headdress of the young bride.
1930s. .

Woman’s soft headdresses from Csővár

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Csővár
Each of the headdresses can be gathered at the bottom. They are women’s soft headdresses made of fine linen and white silk. Their edges are trimmed with accordion-pleated, machine-made lace. The headdresses are decorated with handmade embroidery above the crotchet work – some of them are entirely decorated – with colors appropriate to the occasion.
1930s. .

Lad’s festive garment from Kazár

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Kazár
A felt hat is on the head. The lajbi, which is braided with black cloth and has buttons as décor, is worn over the linen shirt trimmed with merkeléses décor on the breast section. The loose, pleated trousers with fringed edges are made of four rolls of linen per each leg. Boots with hard shafts are on the feet.
1930s..

New wife’s costume from Kazár

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Kazár
The hair is parted and combed back above the ears. The so-called large rose-patterned fékető composed of three rakat (parts) is on the head. It is trimmed with ribbons that hang down the back below the waist. The colorful, wool-fringed, cashmere neck shawl is worn over the loose, fine linen slingolt (loop-stitched edging) blouse. The pinafore is mulberry colored; it is made of rose-patterned cashmere decorated with ribbons and bone lace. The so-called kecete, i.e. loose apron with slingolt bottom, is worn over the skirt. Hard, black leather boots are on the feet.
1930s. .

Festive costume from Mezőszemere

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Mezőszemere
Side-clasped pruszlik (bodice, vest) is worn over the laced blouse with slingolt (loop-stitched edged) ends. The accordion-pleated and ribbon-decorated skirt is made of cotton cloth with a white flower pattern on a blue background. The machine-made fine linen apron, trimmed with pleated bone-lace, is worn over the skirt.
1930s..

Costume from Dabas

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Dabas
Popular in the 1950s, the cashmere costume is composed of two garments: the upper piece is a blouse with tight sleeves and buttons in the front and loose at the waist. The skirt, tucked at the waist, reaches below the knees and has no decoration on it.
1950s. .

Festive costume from Kazár

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Kazár
The vizitke is made of pieces of black cashmere trimmed with colorful pumpkin seeds and ragyogó applied as ornaments. It is edged with salmon-pink fur on the sleeves and on the tail piece. The pleated pinafore, made of black cashmere, is decorated with colored ribbons and machine-made lace on the lower part.
1930s. .

Festive costume from Bánk

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Bánk
The long-sleeved blouse is slingolt, while the farkas (tailed) pruszlik (vest) is made of fine linen and bears the initials of its owner. It is richly decorated with flower embroidery. The accordion-pleated skirt is made of blue silk; it is richly decorated with handmade bimbós (bud) flower embroidery in close rows. The bottom of the skirt is edged in Vienna red.
1940s. .

New wife’s costume from Vizslás

Provincialism: Palóc
Region: Vizslás
The hair is parted and combed back above the ears. The young bride’s headdress (kisüst) is composed of three rakat (part) and decorated with short ribbons and silver bone-lace on the top. The neck shawl, made of colored wool-fringed cashmere, is worn over the loose slingolt blouse. The pinafore is mulberry colored; it is made of cashmere, adorned with roses, and decorated with ribbons and bone lace. The homespun ganga (apron) trimmed with pókkötés and made with one and a half rolls of cotton linen is on the skirt. A pair of hard boot-legged black leather boots is on the feet.
1930s. .