Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Costume from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
The blouse is made of black cashmere; it is triple backed with a tiny red flower pattern and its lower section and cuffs are decorated with wine-red velvet. The accordion-pleated skirt is made of red brocade on which there are black velvet, a colored ribbon and ragyogó applied ornaments placed from top to bottom.
1930s..

Matyó young wife’s festive costume from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
The hair is parted into two plaits that lead backwards over the ears. There is a bunkós kendő (shawl with fringes) made of two separate pieces of pipikendő (patterned red shawl) decorated with wool fringes and ribbons. The ráncoska (blouse) is made of black cashmere and is decorated with colored ribbons and bone-lace. The skirt is made of the same material and it is decorated with ribbons and applied ornaments. The homespun apron made of cotton linen is worn over the skirt. A pair of embroidered sandals is on the feet.
1930s..

Matyó new wife’s costume from Szentistván

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Szentistván
Hair is parted on the top of the head, leading backwards from the forehead. A flower-patterned bride’s headdress affixed to pasteboard, called the tok, is on the head. The silk neck shawl embroidered with colored yarn is above the cotton blouse. Both the silk skirt and apron are accordion-pleated; the latter is decorated with ribbons and made of the same textile as the skirt.
1940s. .

Costume from Szentistván

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Szentistván
The lace blouse is made of fine white linen and is decorated with machine-made lace and ribbons applied as ornaments. The lace is filled with the national colors. The pleated, triple-frilled skirt is made of red calico, and each frill is decorated with ribbons applied as ornaments in various colors and white bone-lace applied ornament.
1940s. .

Lent costume from Szentistván

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Szentistván
The blouse and the skirt are made of similar material. The former is decorated with black bone-lace and ribbons. The accordion-pleated, double-frilled skirt is made of lilac silk. The apron made of black silk and decorated with bone-lace and ragyogó applied ornaments is worn over the skirt.
1940s. .

Ráncoska blouses from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
The blouse, the so-called ráncoska, is a certain type of women’s wear in Tard without shoulder pads. It is made of cotton cloth. Ráncoska has long- and short-sleeve versions; it is made of silk, brocade or cotton cloth. Every ráncoska is decorated with colored ribbons, machine-made lace and/or possibly strings of pearls.
1930s and 1940s. .

Matyó young wife’s festive costume from Szentistván

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Szentistván
Hair is parted and combed. A blue, single-flower patterned, satin bridal headdress affixed to pasteboard and decorated with ribbons and machine-made lace is on the head. The lajbi is made of red-patterned calico, the so-called pipi, while the accordion-pleated skirt has double frills. The tight-sleeved blouse under the lajbi is decorated with cross stitches on the cuffs. The fine white linen pinafore, sewed with hand-drawn, colored embroidery and edged with machine-made lace, is worn over the skirt.
1930s. .

Matyó bride’s black costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The bridal costume worn by brides in Mezőkövesd until the 1920s. On the head is a bridal wreath made of white and colored artificial flowers without a veil. A blouse with feltört (i.e. affixed to thick, stiff butter-paper) sleeves covers the upper body. The fringed neck shawl is made of black silk. The skirt, worn without an underskirt, is made of black silk and a pleated, loose apron decorated with black bone-lace is worn over it.
1910s. .

Matyó girl’s costume from Szentistván

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Szentistván
Hair hangs down in a single braid and is decorated with colored ribbons. The double-frilled skirt is made of pink textile; each frill is decorated with a ribbon in the national and other colors and with white, bone-lace, applied ornaments. A blouse made of white silk and decorated with machine-made lace and colored silk ribbons complements the skirt. The lace apron, made of fine white linen and decorated with machine-made lace, is worn over the skirt. Striped stockings are on the legs.
1940s. .

Costume from Szentistván

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Szentistván
The lace blouse is made of white silk and is decorated with machine-made lace, and smooth, pleated ribbons applied as ornaments. The lace apron, made of fine white linen and decorated with machine-made lace, is worn over the skirt. The double-frilled skirt is made of green calico, and each frill is decorated with a colorful ribbon and white bone-lace applied ornaments.
1940s..