Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Matyó embroidered aprons from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
These aprons also constitute an integral part of the Matyó costumes in Mezőkövesd. These are collectively called surc in this region. A surc is decorated with ribbons and knitted fringes on a black satin and satin cloth basis, with ribbons and bone-lace, as well as white and yellow machine-made embroidery.
1920s and 1930s..

Matyó girl’s Lent costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The hair hangs down in a single braid; there is a girl’s headband on the head and a ribbon in the hair. This is the precise replica of a women’s’ fasting costume from around 1910. The entire costume is made of lilac brocade and machine-made, large, yellow-patterned textile. The blouse, i.e. litya, has buttons in the front, stand-up frills at the back; the lower section of the skirt is bell-shaped and has sewn-down pleats at some places. The apron has “shiny” metallic threads, with embroidery and ribbons as well. Stockings are on the legs.
1910s..

Matyó new wife’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The hair is parted on the top of the head, leading backwards from the forehead. The hard pasteboard case is decorated with coppered bone-lace, and velvet is affixed to the chignon on the top of the head. The costume is composed of a jacket kosaras purgament and long-sleeved litya. The litya is edged with black velvet and black bone-lace, and the sleeves and neck are of black velvet as well. Black hair is applied as ornamentation and placed on the lower section of the skirt. The surc (apron), decorated with colored ribbons and black bone-lace together with embroidery that imitates ragyogó, is worn over the skirt.
1920s. .

Matyó boy’s costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
A pointed hat decorated with ragyogó and velvet bone-lace is on the head. The costume is composed of a loose, one-piece shirt and fringy loose trousers, the korozsma, which the godmother of the owner gave him as a present in accordance with the folk traditions of Mezőkövesd. The loose sleeves, the shirt’s breast section and the shoulder patches are richly embroidered with blue and yellow cotton yarns according to the fashion trend popular at the beginning of the 20th century.
1910s. .

Costume from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
The blouse is made of cotton linen. Its cuffs are pleated, and it is decorated with cross-stitch embroidery. The daku (upper garment, jacket) is made of black, single-flower patterned satin; it is decorated with silk fringes and threaded gold patterns. The skirt is made of pink brocade; it is accordion pleated and decorated with blue silk on the lower section.
1930s..

Costume from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
Ráncoska (pleated blouse) is made of tobacco brown brocade silk material. The color of the skirt is equivalent to that of the ráncoska; it is pleated and has two rows of applied colored ribbon ornaments on it. Its bottom edge is velvet trimmed.
1930s..

Matyó young wife’s festive costume from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
The hair is parted into two plaits and lead backwards over the ears. There is a bunkós kendő (shawl with fringes) made of two separate pieces of pipikendő (patterned red shawl) decorated with wool fringes and ribbons. The linen blouse is accordion-pleated above the cuffs, which are decorated with Tard-style cross-stitch embroidery. The daku over the ribboned skirt is made of brocade. There is a homespun apron made of cotton linen worn over the skirt.
1940s..

Red kerchiefs from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
Flower prints of various colors are depicted on the cretonne shawls. Two of these shawls are decorated with knitted wool fringes on their ends and with colored ribbons above them. These were used as the upper shawl of the bunkós kendő that was an integral part of the bride’s costume in Tard.
1930s and 1940s. .

Lad’s costume from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
The vest made of black cloth and decorated with braids and buttons is worn over the linen shirt. The shirt is richly decorated with linen yarn on its breast and neck section and on the pleated cuffs. It also has a date on it.
1929..

Festive costume from Tard

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Tard
The daku decorated with threaded pearl and black, machine-made lace is worn over the loose sack-sleeved blouse that is made of cotton linen and has pleated cuffs and is decorated with cross-stitch embroidery. The accordion-pleated skirt is made of satin cloth adorned with tiny flowers and is decorated with two rows of silk ribbons and edged with black velvet.
1930s. .