Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Matyó lad’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
A pointed hat decorated with colored ribbons is on the head. The loose, long-sleeved shirt is richly decorated with colored silk yarn on its sleeves and shoulders; it is completed with embroidery imitating the so-called ragyogó and with colored cipós embroidery. The vest made of cloth and decorated with bone buttons and braiding is worn over the shirt. There is an embroidered tie around the neck. The so-called surc apron is embroidered with colored silk yarn, the so-called “furriers’ embroidery pattern,” and black silk knitted fringes. It is worn over the loose, pleated trousers made of fine linen.
1920s. .

Matyó new wife’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The hair is parted worn over the head and is combed back from the forehead. The new bride’s headdress, the so-called rezes, tarás suta, is worn on the head. Affixed to the chignon on the top of the head was the so-called tara, which has a cardboard base and is decorated with golden bone-lace and colored ribbons affixed in front of the decorated, hard pasteboard tok. Flower patterns made of colored paper, colored glass beads and silver threads were affixed to the front of this tara. The costume is composed of a long-sleeved, colored silk litya and a jacket of the same material. There are black and blue striped patterns in seven rows on the lower section of the skirt. Both the litya and the skirt are decorated with colored ribbons, velvet bone-lace and black bone-lace. There is a surc (apron) embroidered with black silk yarn and a black silk, knitted pompon worn over the skirt. A pair of leather sandals embroidered with colored wool is on the feet.
1920s. .

Matyó woman’s advent costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
A shawl, which is made of lilac-patterned silk kerchief suitable for Advent, is worn on the head. Lilac fringes are stretched over a cardboard frame. The costume is composed of a long-sleeved litya with silk stripes on black background and a jacket made of the same material. There are ten rows of black and lilac ribbon decorations on the lower section of the skirt. Both the litya and the skirt are decorated with black silk ribbons and black velvet, which were appropriate for Advent, in lieu of the colored ribbons. There is a surc decorated with colored ribbons, velvet bone-lace, and knitted, black silk fringes worn over the skirt.
1930s. .

Matyó embroidered aprons from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
Each surc is richly decorated with handmade embroidery; they are sectioned with embroidery imitating the so-called ragyogó and supplemented with black silk fringes at the bottom. The last fasting surc made with the application of green, blue and a little yellow deserves special attention, because a threaded pearl décor placed between two ragyogó rows makes it more solemn.
1920s..

Matyó girls’ lityas from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
Women’s upper garments from Mezőkövesd, which bear the collective designation of litya. They were made of satin, purgament and brocade with colored ribbons and velvet bone-lace decoration. They are edged with velvet on the sleeves and on the tail and adorned with black, machine-made lace.
1930s. .

Matyó woman’s winter garment from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
A fringed, velvet winter shawl is on the head. The upper garment, the so-called kuzsu, is made of lamb skin and is embroidered with colored wool yarn, and black and red patent leather. The skirt is accordion-pleated and made of tucked black velvet. The apron, the so-called makus surc, is embroidered with colored silk yarn and decorated with embroidery imitating ragyogó and black silk knitted fringes.
1910s..

Matyó woman’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The shawl, which is made of silk kerchief as well as white knitted fringes that are suitable for the occasion, is stretched over a cardboard frame and worn on the head. The costume is composed of a long-sleeved litya with golden stripes on green background and a jacket made of the same material. Nine rows of hair-striped décor in various colors are placed on the lower section of the skirt. The litya is decorated with ribbons; its sleeves and neck are edged with black velvet, and there are two rows of red dabas ribbon decorations on the skirt. The surc (apron) is decorated with color ribbons and black bone-lace together with embroidery imitating ragyogó.
1920s..

Matyó new wife’s festive costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The hair is parted and worn over the head, leading backwards from the forehead. The new bride’s headdress, the so-called rezes, tarás suta is on the head. The so-called tara was affixed to the chignon on the top of the head; it has cardboard base and is decorated with golden bone-lace and colored ribbons affixed in front of the decorated, hard pasteboard case. Flower patterns made from colored paper, colored glass beads and silver threads were affixed to the front of this tara. The costume is composed of a black satin, single-flowered skirt without any underskirt, and cottoned rékli made of the same material. There is a winter neck shawl under the rékli. The surc (apron) is decorated with black bone-lace applied ornaments and black silk knitted fringes; it is worn over the skirt.
1910s..

Matyó girl’s costume from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
The hair hangs down in a single braid and is decorated with silk ribbons. The costume is composed of a short-sleeved litya and a jacket, both made of dyed textile. Many rows of black, thin-striped decorations are placed on the lower section of the skirt. The litya is decorated and edged with black velvet on the upper body section, on the sleeves and around the neck line. The skirt is decorated with black silk ribbons. The surc, richly decorated with machine embroidery on black silk material and imitating ragyogó, is worn over the skirt.
1920s..

Matyó embroidered aprons from Mezőkövesd

Provincialism: Matyó
Region: Mezőkövesd
Aprons that constitute an inseparable part of the Matyó costumes in Mezőkövesd have their own collective name: surc. A surc is made of black silk and is decorated with handmade embroidery, machine-made ribbons, black knitting, and machine-made silk fringes. The names of the embroidery types from top to the bottom are: szűcsös, szűcsös, makus, matyórózsás and pántlikás aprons.
1930s..