Carpathian Basin traditional folk costumes


Woman’s costume from Kalotaszentkirály

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Kalotaszentkirály
The so-called barnafödjű cashmere shawl tied in the front is on the head. The blouse is made of fine linen and embroidered with red yarn on the sleeves. The patent leather decorated leather vest is embroidered with black yarn. The hair skirt is decorated with sewn-down décor at the waistline. An accordion-pleated, double-knit apron with sewn-down décor at the waistline and further decorated with embroidery complete the outfit. Black boots are on the feet.
1930s. .

Apron from Magyaró

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Magyaró
The double-knit, accordion-pleated, silk apron imitating the industrially manufactured colorful ribbon patterns is richly decorated with manual embroidery.
1930s. .

Costume from Bánffyhunyad

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Bánffyhunyad
The red armhole blouse and leather vest is embroidered with colored wool yarn. The rolled up muszuj (bagazia) made of black satin cloth in the national colors is over the fine linen underskirt. Rich decoration embroidered with wool yarn onto the cloth trimming can be seen at the cuffs. The muszuj is decorated with sewn-down décor and embroidery at the waistline.
1910s..

Aprons from Kalotaszeg

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Kalotaszeg
The aprons are made of hair and cotton cloth; they have sewn-down décor with color embroidery at the waistline. They are also accordion-pleated and have a dark color tone, and they are double-knit. The decoration of the knitting is either embroidery imitating ribbons or wool knitting.
1930s to 1940s. .

Woman’s costume from Bánffyhunyad

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Bánffyhunyad
Ribboned straw hat is on the head. The pearled bujka is made of blue cloth, the wraparound skirt, and the muszuj, is edged with green cloth and decorated with sewn-down décor at the waistline. The satin cloth apron is adorned with ribbons and worn over the skirt. Hair handkerchief with red rose patterns on a green basis is underneath the pearled bujka. Copper-shoed black boots with embroidered heels are on the feet.
1920s. .

Lad’s confirmation costume from Mákófalva

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Mákófalva
Hat made of green felt and decorated with pearl pompon and pearl rosette is on the head. The fine linen blouse is decorated with machine lace; the fringy loose-fitting trousers are made of fine linen. Pearl breast-paneled vest made of black textile and apron made of accordion-pleated cashmere and decorated with ribbons and bone-laces complete the costume. Black boots are on the feet.
Still worn today since the 1930s..

Woman’s mourning costume from Szék

Provincialism: Mezőség
Region: Szék
Chignon is up on the head as well as the black shawl tied in the front. The bodice is made of black textile and decorated with black velvet. The accordion-pleated skirt is made of black textile.
Still worn today..

Sekler girl’s costume from Kibéd

Provincialism: Mezőség
Region: Kibéd
The hair hangs off in plaits on either side of the head. The wool skirt is woven chequered with black, red and yellow colors and it is trimmed with black velvet at the bottom. The fine linen Székely (Sekler) blouse has embroidered cuffs, and the cloth lajbi decorated with black velvet is made of a textile that is equivalent to the material of the skirt. An embroidered apron made of fine white linen is over the apron. Black boots with a hard shaft and red edges are on the feet.
1930s and 1940s..

Costume from Kalotaszentkirály

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Kalotaszentkirály
The pearled bujka is made of blue cloth and its sleeves, neckline and front are decorated with silk ribbons. The skirt is oak-leaf brown; it is made of accordion-pleated hair.
The double-knit hair apron is also oak-leaf brown, 1930s. .

Mourning costume from Inaktelke

Provincialism: Kalotaszeg
Region: Inaktelke
The dyed-blue blouse is made of fine white linen and is decorated with black embroidery. The vest is made of black velvet and is decorated with black and green-varnished applied ornaments. The black skirt is made of hair and the double-knit, accordion-pleated apron made of black textile is decorated with sewn-down décor at the waistline.
1930s..